fig.1 - Prof. David HUNGERFORFD

fig.2 - Anatomical vs Mechanical Alignment (from Rivier C et al Alignment options for total knee arthroplasty: A systematic review. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2017)

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fig.3 - Prof. John INSALL

fig.4 - Prof. Michael HIRSCHMANN

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fig.5 - Knee phenotypes (from HIRSCHMANN M et al Functional knee phenotypes: a novel classification for phenotyping the coronal lower limb alignment based on the native alignment in young non-osteoarthritic patients. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2019)

fig.3 - Prof. John INSALL

fig.3 - Prof. John INSALL

fig.4 - Prof. Michael HIRSCHMANN

fig.4 - Prof. Stephen HOWELL 

fig.7 - KA differ than MA or AA Alignment

(from Rivier C et al Alignment options for total knee arthroplasty: A systematic review. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2017)

fig.2 - Anatomical vs Mechanical Alignment (from Rivier C et al Alignment options for total knee arthroplasty: A systematic review. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2017)

fig.8- 3D axis considered performing KA TKA technique

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fig.9 - Verification checks for the original Howell's KA TKA technique

 

 2020 - created by dr. michele malavolta (cod.fis. MLVMHL74A27L781A)